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Das mächtigste und größte Gebirge Europas sind die Alpen. Sie erstrecken sich von den Ligurischen Alpen im Südwesten bis zum Wiener Schneeberg im Osten über eine Länge von mehr als 1.000 km und eine mittlere Breite von etwa 200 km. Über Jahrmillionen haben sich großartige und unterschiedliche Gebirgslandschaften gebildet.
In ihnen finden wir mit etwa 5.000 Pflanzenarten eine vielfältige, aber auch eigenständige Pflanzenwelt vor. Viele Pflanzen arten kommen ausschließlich in den Alpen vor, die Alpenendemiten. Im vorliegenden Buch stellen die Autoren mehr als 500 dieser Endemiten vor. Auf etwa 750 Fotos wird jede dieser Arten mit einem Foto, bei einigen Arten zur besseren Unterscheidung mit einem zusätzlichen Detailfoto abgebildet.
Im allgemeinen Teil werden die erdgeschichtliche Entstehung und die Florengeschichte der Alpen, die Entstehung der Endemiten, ihre pflanzensystematische Verteilung, ihre Lebensräume und ihre Hauptverbreitungszentren beschrieben und mit 70 typischen Landschaftsfotos vorgestellt. Im speziellen Teil werden die einzelnen Arten ausführlich beschrieben und mit Fotos dargestellt.
Die neue, große und umfassende Flora der Kanarischen Inseln
Im vorliegenden Werk werden auf 1.300 Seiten über 2.000 Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Kanarischen Inseln in Wort und Bild dargestellt. Fast alle der etwa 650 endemischen Sippen werden mit einem oder mehreren Fotos abgebildet. Hinzu kommen zahlreiche, meist mediterrane, eingebürgerte und invasive Arten.
Über 2.400 Farbfotos, darunter zahlreiche Detailaufnahmen,
ermöglichen eine sichere Bestimmung der auf den Kanaren vorkommenden Arten. Im Text finden sich außerdem Angaben zu 200 weiteren Arten, wie man sie unterscheidet und auf welchen Inseln sie vorkommen.
Im einleitenden Teil werden die einzelnen Vegetationsstufen beschrieben, des Weiteren die Inseln und ihre Entstehung und die Entwicklung der Flora.
Dieses Buch ist eine unverzichtbare Ergänzung zu den bisher vorliegenden Bestimmungsbüchern. Unentbehrlich ist es für alle Pflanzenliebhaber der Kanaren: für Botaniker, Studenten, Lehrer als auch für Touristen.
Available in December 2015
About the e-book
On 21 December 2011 Carex Europaea, volume 1, was published. This book was sold out rather quickly, so now has been decided to produce an updated e-book version. In the e-book some improvements are made on the text of the 2011 version. Besides, literature within the period 2011-2015 has been taken into account.
This e-book is a documentary book about the nomenclature and distribution of European taxa and hybrids within the genus Carex L. (Cyperaceae). Of all European taxa are given their Accepted Names and all known synonyms both with full citation. Altogether there are about 4500 names involved. Of all taxa is given their distribution within Europe per country and worldwide is given their general distribution. Providing they exist the chromosome numbers (2n) are given for Accepted taxa.
All known European hybrids are mentioned, most of them provided with a name, the others with only their hybrid formula. Of all hybrids is given their European distribution as well, albeit probably incomplete.
Finally about 30 taxa are regarded to be introduced in Europe.
In the back of the book almost 150 pages present full colour photos of about 2/3 of all European species and some hybrids. The photos are meant “to give all the names a face”.
Seven Appendices complete this book. Listed are all authors with their full name lifetime/year of birth and country/countries. All the abbreviated publications used in the main text of chapter 2 and 3 are fully cited. Finally there are lists of “Carices named after”, a list of all the countries and islands, a list of “Interesting websites”, an Appendix with Introduced taxa and one with Question marks.
Finally an Index with all the Synonyms and one with Taxa from outside Europe are given.
This e-book aims to be a reference work for everybody working in the field of Botany or Nature Management.
A Field Guide, Second enlarged edition
This first field guide of the wildflowers in the Azores provides short descriptions for 650 of the about 1200 species of vascular plants found in the islands, completed by 380 full-colour photographs. Not only the most prevalent species but also rare and unusual plants of startling beauty are illustrated and described, some of them for the first time.
Much emphasis is given to endemic species that grow nowhere else in the world and plant invaders that constitute a serious threat to natural ecosystems of the Azores. A useful glossary in English, Portuguese and German introduces lay readers to the scientific terminology. An invaluable aid for all plant lovers in the Azores: Students, teachers, farmers, rangers, scientists, tourists.
Policy Analysis using a Household Modelling Approach
Agricultural Policies in developing countries, especially in Bhutan is constrained by lack of evidence based policy decision making research tools. This book focuses on the resource allocation decisions of Agricultural households in Bhutan modelled through a non-separable household model approach which is solved using the General Algebraic Modelling System (GAMS) solver. In Bhutan, the farms are increasingly coming into conflict with wild life. Agriculture production in Bhutan is constraint by high input costs and the agriculture product losses to wild animals are very high. The farmers face the dilemma of losing a major part of their agricultural produce to the wild animals. As a result, the farmers have increasingly left their farms fallow. Rural to urban migration is increasing and the domestic food production is not able to meet the country’s demand. The country imports more than 80% of its food requirements from the neighbouring countries, which is vulnerable to compromising on food security, food quality and food safety. This study simulates the resource allocation behaviour of the agricultural households in response to the choice of various agricultural policies. The results suggest that the household’s motivation to increase production can be achieved through favourable incentive schemes. A single policy may have different impacts among the households located in different regions.
Impact of Transaction Costs on Regional Maize Markets
Vast areas of arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya are faced by development inequality, poverty and food insecurity. The study on market integration aims to provide insights for enhanced market access. The recent food crises are of food policy concern on scarce resource distribution under transaction costs. The research investigates whether surplus and deficit regional maize markets are integrated. Particularly, the study aims at providing insights for enhanced participation of marginalized smallholders into commercialized agriculture through improved market access. It further assesses the adjustment period for prices shocks in regional maize markets. The study carries out simulations of the impacts of price volatility and transaction costs on economic agents along maize supply chain in marginalized areas of Kenya. It is evident that though liberalized free trade market economy system, agricultural and trade policies require further reforms for effective supply and demand response. Though, there is need to stabilize extreme price volatility to avert consequences on poor population. Since market systems in Kenya lack coordinated stakeholders’ holistic approach, there is a need to promote integration of key players in the public and private sector for reducing transaction costs.
The phylum Platyhelminthes is a major clade of worms, with about 29,000 species (after Zhang, 2011). It includes animals with diverse lifestyles, but a majority are parasites, grouped within the Neodermata. The free-living species inhabit marine, freshwater, brackish and terrestrial environments and form the paraphyletic “Turbellaria”, with about 6,500 described species in three main clades: Catenulida, Macrostomorpha and Rhabdocoela.
Within the Rhabdocoela, Typloplanidae occurs all over the world and is one of the most species-rich families.
Insights into Farmer Citizen Science in Honduras - Also available: electronic version of this book for download!
Farmer-participatory methods have become widespread in agricultural research for development. Researchers and donors have increasingly recognised that highly diverse local challenges to agricultural production, including climate change, may not be solved by top-down generic approaches, but require farmer-selected solutions. In participatory variety selection (PVS), for example, groups of farmers jointly select locally suitable germplasm varieties. But such a group-based participatory approach to variety selection for climate adaptation also brings new limitations: Farmer attendance is often limited, a shared plot does not always represent every participant’s on-farm conditions well, and PVS is difficult to scale because it relies on organised farmer groups and high external facilitation efforts.
This study explores a pathway to out-scaling PVS by using new methods from citizen science, which has become popular recently especially in ecological and environmental research. In Crowdsourcing Crop Improvement (CCI), many farmers perform a small experiment on their farm by growing small quantities of just three alternative crop varieties, observing their growth along the growing period, and reporting simple observations to researchers. This way, farmers may experientially discover a variety that suits their site-specific needs and preferences better than the current one. Researchers, on the other hand, may use CCI as a research tool to screen new crosses and validate new varieties by farmer-generated data from a large range of locations and environments, as well as to disseminate genetic diversity in the landscape. Based on intensive fieldwork in four regions of Honduras, Central America, and using a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods, such as choice experiments, this study evaluates CCI for its appropriateness to serve both farmers and researchers.